Derik




Location
Located in the far north-east of Syria
The town is about 20 km (12 mi) west of the Tigris "Dijla" river
which defines the triple border between Syria, Turkey, and Iraq. According to the Syria Central Bureau of Statistics, Derik today is situated within the autonomous Federation of Northern Syria – Rojava.
Population
about 27,000 in the 2004 census.
90% Kurds and 10% immigrants of Early twentieth century "Assyrians,Armenians,Arabs"
Etymology
Derik or Dêrika Hemko or the Arabic name Al-Malikya
There are several views about the origin or historical name of this city.....
Dêrik: means two roads in the Kurdish language "Di rêk, Du rêk"
it was a swampy area, so there were only two ways to reach the town 
for that reason, people start to call it derik
Dêrika Hemko: depending on the name of who built first house in that area and lived there, and his name was Hemko
in 1981 the area was in Britain's armies control after the fall of the Ottoman empire,
and Britain was preparing to add this area to Iraq country, that is in her hand too according to Sykes–Picot Agreement
After the occupation of France to Syria in 1920,
During the negotiations with Britain on the one hand according to Georges Clemenceau agreement, and with the new Turkish government that been built on the ruins of the Ottoman Empire on the other hand,
The result was to set the border between Syria and Turkey
they divided the area
and so they divided the Kurdish people too
some become Turkish citizen and some become Syrian citizen
according to the agreement, Derik area added to Syria

Derik Region
Since the Middle Ages, The present-day Derik region was one of the Botan Principality regions, the Baderkhans were the last Rulers of this princedom 
Which ruled between the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries
The origin of derik clans come from that period of time and maybe earlier,
they were a part of the Clans structure of that princedom and they played an important role for its continued economic and military strength.
According to the system that been adopted at that time, the regions were divided into many parts 
every part ruled by a clan, each one has a different size and strength 
according to who is more powerful and close the Badrkhan Family
Derik region was divided into the following
1-Deşt " flat land":  The area was rich in water and springs, and the swamps were in many places
This plain was home of the Kurdish clan (Hesna) and the area was named (Dashta Hesna)
Hesna is Agricultural clan was dependent on agriculture and raising cattle and livestock as well as some industries related to agriculture and the most important industry tools for agriculture and harvesting, such as iron plows, which they were famous for
2 - Wild: This area extends from the Safin River to the north and to Mount Shangal (Sinjar), 
a less fertile area than "Dashta-Hesna" and less rainy,
but it was a rich and important grazing area for livestock-dependent clans. 
this area was divided into two part for two groups, the "Abasa" clan "was still living in the villages surrounding the mountain (Kundak - Gundik), an agricultural clan"
and the clans of the "Cougar", which was in the area around the mountain (Kara Gokh - Karachuk) and they still in the area, both of them are Kurdish clans
3.the Alian an area located to the west of the former two areas.
Some of the Kurdish clans that settled in the region in the late Ottoman period,
most of them came from the north from the depth of the current "Kurdistan region" of Turkey, and these clans spread throughout the region and some villages
some of those clans are 
-Haruna: They live mostly in the villages around Dirk.
- Omrka: They live in the villages surrounding Rumailan and the Aleyan area.
- Aleika: in the villages near the Turkish border -
- Bidari: They have several villages south of Mount Qar-Chok

Immigration to Derik
in the early of 20's century, Many Christians families came from Turkey to Derik 
and many of Arab Clans came from the south of the "Iraq Badia" and from the "Najd region" northern part of the Arabian Peninsula to Derik....
and we can mention them as the following
1-Azkheen, in Arabic "الآزخيين"
Who were displaced from the city of "Hzakh, Azakh, Asffs, Tor-abuddin, Jabal al-Zuzan and the Bahian mountains"
as a result of the persecution and massacres of Christians
some of them are 
the Aramaic families, the largest one is Eliah"أيليا", Amsaki"عمسكي", Razai"رازاي", Haddu Sto"حدوستو",Maqso"مقسو" and others
2-Shamar: A famous Arab clan, which came from "Najd" after the control of the Saudi family on Saudia....
they used previously in the nineteenth century in the drought years
to come to this area in search of pasture 
they exist now around the area of "Tel-Kogger" and southern of "Rad" Valley , especially in the area of "Tel-Alo".
3-Shrabia"شرابية": an essential part of Tai"طي" Clan they 
their families are distributed around some towns in the region, where they rely on the cows and buffaloes breeding and selling milk.
4-Joala: distributed around so,e villages south of "Jal-Agha" and "Terbasipi"
5-Tai"طي": An Arab Clan, most of their families came the region from the "island of Euphrates", distributed in some villages south of "Rad"
6-Zoba: An Iraqi Arab clan, their villages located west of the "Tel-Koggar" area.
7-Almaghmoren"المغمورين": many family groups belonging to several Arab clans from the Al-Tabaqa area in the Syrian province of Raqqa. 
The Syrian State granted them a fertile agricultural land of Derik area as a refund of Sinking their lands into the water
but actually, this was one of The most chauvinistic and racist projects that done by the Syrian Government
the Goal was to send as much as possible of Arabs Rojava "Kurdish areas of Syria"...
important events
In 1930, the village of Ein Dewar became the seat of the French consultant, also a military place
Derik became an official village and a place for trade and market for the area
===========
Decree 1414 dated July 18, 1933, Derik become a town
===========
In 1946, Derik becomes the region's center officially, and Majid al-Maliki, the first director of the area
===========
In 1947 first official school been built, ande they named " mamon Al-rifia"
===========
the name of the city been Arabized and it been replaced to " Al-Malikya"
Under Decree 346 dated March 24, 1957
According to the chauvinist racist project of the government
the name Al-Malikya related to the colonel "Adnan-Al-Maliki"


Hassan Rame

Post a Comment

Author Name

Contact Form

Name

Email *

Message *

Powered by Blogger.