Serê Kaniyê

Serê Kaniyê 

Serê Kaniyê
 (Arabic: رأس العين‎ also spelled Ras al-Ain, Kurdish: Serê Kaniyê spelled Sare Ka-ney‎, Syriac: ܪܝܫ ܥܝܢܐ‎)

-one of Rojava cities, located in eastern Kobane on the border with Turkey, adjoining the Kurdish city of ceylanpinar
-One of the oldest civilizations in Upper Mesopotamia, the area of Serê Kaniyê has been inhabited since at least the Neolithic age (c. 8,000 BC) and the town was destroyed and rebuilt several times
-With the 1921 Treaty of Ankara Serê Kaniyê became a divided city when its northern part, today's Ceylanpınar, were ceded to Turkey.
-the city has a population of 29,347 (as of 2005) The city is inhabited predominantly by Kurds and Arabs with a significant number of Syriacs/Assyrians and a smaller number of Armenians and Chechens
-In late November 2012 jihadists of al-Nusra Front attacked positions of the Syrian Army and they took over the city.
On 21 July 2013, the YPG expelled the jihadists after a night of heavy fighting. On 21 January 2014, Serê Kaniyê officially became part of the newly founded Jazira Canton in the autonomous region of Rojava.

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